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Intervention of army Warsaw Pact 21.august 1968

,, Et si omnes ego non ".

   the day the author was in the service Assistant of Supervisor at the entrance to the barracks Czechoslovak 251st Air Defense Artillery Regiment MU 5100 from Vysoké Mýto. Soldier Pavel Ondrejkovič-Sandor de Szlavnicza eldest son was born in Trenčín in one of the most respected and oldest families in the territory of our country. His father, an officer of the profession in the years 1934-1954 captain tank Aladár O.-S. de (for political reasons discharged from the Czechoslovak army in the year 1954), mother clerk Alžbeta O. born Ličková.

Entering the service of 20 August 1968 at 15.00. Took over the distribution list, alarm directives, red braids and supervisory nostril in wooden plates interstitial 60 pieces of live ammunition into the assault rifle SA vz. 58.

Author already asked in July 1968 cers from the second battery to the exchange of its easier and more comfortable assault rifle SA vz.58 V with folding stock for assault rifle SA vz.58 P with a fixed stock, as it was more accurate and, in his view, the more the thenthrew a sharp fit.

Already 19 August 1968, despite the semblance of peace in the country and the holiday period had married and unmarried officers and Warrant forbidden to leave the seat and the crew could not visit their families. Their hostel was right next to the main entrance of the barracks just opposite the railway station Vysoké Mýto. 21.00 hours without a word wolking the regimental staff officers and their houses.  

Vysoké Mýto august 1968. 2-nd. Firing battery, pictured her 85 mm anti-aircraft gun model 44 S PLK KS 18 gun crew eight soldiers (the author was one of them) * Performance: Maximum speed target: 200 m / s (720 km / h), height maximum: 12000 m, 8500 m efficient, long-distance range: maximum 18000 m, 11500 m efficient, Rate of fire: 15-20 shots / min.

The author realized that something was wrong (he was the son of an officer of the profession). Around 22:15 o\'clock in the evening the guard in the barracks, the phone rang from the circuit with the command to call the Supervisory barracks, which the author after receipt phone conversation ordered arouse officers of regiment in their hostel.  

ČSLA. Czechoslovak 251st. anti-aircraft regiment of Air Defence State, MU 5100 Vysoké Mýto, its status and structure on 21 August, 1968.

Author was in place after 30 seconds, but officers was dressed and to have girdet belts with official weapons. Take to the staff of regiments. After as author unoficial to learn about occupation our state with foreign armys. formally about 22.30 o clock.  After his displace taking to place guard before front door to baracks. To have in service most strong weapon and mores patrons. Scarce new direcly, then held by his consideration. Do not stay to his place next entry, but tucked patron to barrel  his carabine and turn in to ditch with  weapon maybe 15m in the right of front door. Other officers of the hostel is lost somewhere. Time to intervene quickly. Round 4 o clock morning as slowly came four figure in the foreigns uniform. Author noisily stretched breech and emphaticle their called, that as to him not at all came in and in case of no, that did not keep his hand in weapons. Thoose consulted as between self and the far. After hour and half as old revealed colonel of Soviet army and of respectful distance from the author asked, In daylight to end his 24 hours service comes to leader of regiment even foreign officers. That was received Commanding General of Soviet army whith leader regiment, which meanwhile the 23.45 o clock delivered linkman of his flat in Vysoké Mýto. Soviet colonel as then away. Author admited, that soviet officers eczactly filed his directives with the intent to keep him an excuse for shooting. Was not worst, nor best soldier of regiment PVO (originaly to have other army specialization), but realizes, that his regiment loses every minute possibility to his fighte fan out. Author acknowledges, that was in his place decisive fulfil one s duty of the soldier of the ČSLA. He had, however, notify the supervisory officer, that soviet general calls for acceptance. Maybe 7.00 o clock as came soviet military car GAZ 69  and planted maybe 50 m of entry soviet general. Then came to walk self to entry and civilly asked to author for announce his visit.  After reaction with author si ho už supervisory officer of regiment came only assume.

Pictured shooting radar SON 9A of Soviet production of which Czechoslovak 251st anti-aircraft regiment PVOS in Vysoké Mýto armed.

Leader from regimennts held meeting with soldiers of national   service on  that note soldiers with formed situation. In thoose meeting was elected author to crisis comitee of the regiment, as deputy soldiers of national service. Soldiers fulminate gived show his discontent with pasivity and helplessed officers corps their regiment. Contrariwise leader of battery in which served author already reach  estabilish connection unstandarte with soviet officers.

Author was skeptic to thier certain activity.  For example politic leader of regiment coloroued in kitchen of regiments red flag to black and after their put sth up for baracks. To dining-room of soldiers bring legal instrument 2000 wordes, which soldiers of national service demonstrate signed, but officers are only some. On the second day in a field near the barracks focused intervention Tank Regiment 11th Armored Division of the Polish Army. His tank canons was directed to caserne of  251st regiment PVOS Vysoké Mýto.

Second Polish Army 22.08.1968 7 AM o’clock. Report : Morale amongst the troops on exercise is very good. The men are convinced that they have entered Czechoslovakia in a good cause. An example of this was provided by the troops stationed in the Jaromer (from24th Tank Regiment) who firmly opposed efforts to get them to disobey orders. These efforts were made by the assistant regimental commander for political affairs of a Czechoslovak People’s Army 101th Regiment chemical protection (AU 9983).

In the autopark author in the minitor of radar SON 9A observed many aims - avions of intervents, which flew in the air area of states.  

laughed a lot, when they saw flight too old transport avions Lisunov Li 2  of the Polish Air Force, triggering anti leaflets of coarse paper with spelling errors.

In addition to the common types of military aircraft frequently fly over barracks of Czechoslovak 251st Air Defence Regiment of State defence in Vysoké Mýto twin-engine supersonic reconnaissance bomber fighter Yakovlev Yak 28P from Military Air Forces of the USSR.

The author fleet on-screen shooting radar SON 9A observed a number of targets - the interventionists aircraft that moved in the airspace of the State. For 251st Air Defense Artillery Regiment Vysoké Mýto has already been given the passivity of its officer corps despite its very strong armor unsolvable situation militarily. At the meeting of the crisis committee Regiment author publicly expressed its doubt on the future of the Czechoslovak Republic for the repeated passivity of the armed forces since 1938, regardless of the political establishment.  

Regiment of State air defense V y s o k é   M ý t o   in the 21.august 1968.  In the year 1969 was in prison in relation with demonstration against the stay of occupation troops USSR in our state. In emloyment him in the year 1968-69 for show by not remindet of thoose reason, that many of ortodoxe comunists of his firm ČSPD Bratislava as misjudge according statued of  Communist Party of Czechoslovakia KSČ, after entry soldiery chop and changeas hold in their places. It is necessary append, that as their to with certain castling nearly all been. Officers of Secret National Security ŠtB to author not fergoted and  evry year before 21 august his exposited for interrogation, but not meaning to, the author did not imlicate to comunication.

Barraks in Ostrov nad Ohri barracks around the year 1977. To the left of the entrance house for supervisory battalion and a guardhouse so. bass. The back of the building of the former monastery on the ground floor kitchen, dining team, dining officers quarters 3rd Company and upstairs Headquarters Battalion, dispensaries etc.   

Barracks of AU 4404 in the Ostrov nad Ohří after 43 years today. 62nd Battalion was subject to 20th Motorized Rifle Division in Karlovy Vary. On the call-up no. 250/66 Paul O.-S. de on October 8th, 1966 he joined the performance of PSO on 20.10.1966 and presented at the 3th Company 62nd Automotive Battalion AU 4404 Ostrov nad Ohří. Leader of battalion was Lieutn-col. Drexler (author later hear of soldiers ZVS, that Lieutn-col Drexler is on the occupying army was apparently strictly forbidding), leader of UOS FirstlieutnRanduška, leader of 3.Company Capt Krejza, leader of staff the troop Mjr Randák). To illustrate the physical fund its authorstates that the training of 5 m rope climb with a smile 5 times in a row without a grace note (if it was ordered, it would certainly repeat5 times). It was most of the battalion. In athletics discipline run at 2000 m was in goal for the second soldier, who was an athlete civileeasy. In the accelerated transfer of the Battalion Ostrov nad Ohri through Jáchymov was the gift of God first (held whenever the troopsin greater numbers ZVS avoid compulsory morning warm-up). The battalion commander also indirectly punish commanders of platoons and companies, as an accelerated movement were obliged to pass by his soldiers.   

Barracks of the UO School and training soldiers AU 3105 vor Carlsbad division in the Podbořany.

For exemple authors of the 27 year old company commander before Jáchymov non-governmental, even though its branches carry only a gun. In Ostrov nad Ohri was usually in the winter -20 degrees. In the barracks AU 4404 in winter could. Hot water was not at all.Profile no problem to sleep with such a winter snow 2 hours, even though he was only dressed in uniform vz.60, it was only the brownpants and wearing military vz.30 Canada, which in summer heat and winter coldTroop was subject of 20. moto shooting division of the Karlsbad. Paradox military time, during which Pavel Ondrejkovic-S. often visitet in the Karlsbad Grandhotel Moskva - Pupp, visit which you can not afford many officers (easy to be mentally, spend more in the fourth group price) completed his move to the AU 5100Vysoké Mýto.


Military car workshop Praga V3S PAD was well equipped, it was not what the author missed it. Tatra T 111 was, however, a 25 km / h faster. On track and field was more stable ride was gliding, its overall design was considerably more robust. Commonly exceeded its capacity and 2x, ​​how the Tatras are disposed always drove. The less the bearing ground have clearly had the upper hand Praga V3S.



Najmodernejšie obrnené vozidlá OT-64 SKOT z 20. motostreleckej divízie v Karlovych Varoch sa pravidelne účastnili spoločných cvičení so 62. automobilovým práporom v Ostrove nad Ohří pre ktorý bolo nemožné udržať sa nimi v kolóne. OT-64 dosahovali na rovinke rýchlosť až 110/km/hod.  

Author in time ZVS in the year 1968 sign document 2000 words and was deputy of  soldiers national service in crisis committee 251st anti-aircraft artilery regiment  AU 5100 Vysoké Mýto.   


During outings visited to town library of Vysoké Mýto. Here he received to his hand newsweek Literární listy. (in his canselary ich mal too leader of regiment). In they assumed the continuation amendment Alexander Solženicyn ,, One day of Ivan Denisovič  ". Maybe thema was new, but not for author. She reminded him his childhood and behaviour states organs to his family.  Author si evidently remember too article in thoose newspaper for month ego the august 1968 displaying concern of possible intervention  Soviet army to Czechoslovakia.



Soviet armored transporter accident on the railway passage in Vysoké Mýto near 251. PVOS Regiment barracks in August 1968. Armored transporter may be overturned, but with no visible damage. Locomotive was ripe for the General remont.



Most modern tank T 55 of Soviet intervention army in the 22.august 1968, a potential rival for artilery 2nd Fire Battery (KS-18) of AU 5100 Vysoké Mýto. 



P.S. Only a very few well-informed knows that the accession of the Warsaw Pact troops in Czechoslovakia in 1968, marked one of the biggest failures ever policy of the French Republic and his prezident general Charles de Gaulle. During the performance of hisCompulsory military service is the beginning of 1968 the author received a direct information about the secret negotiations with the Czechoslovak generals commanded the French army kept separately without the knowledge of other members of NATO and the Warsaw Pact. SDECE - Service de Documentation Extérieure et de Contre-Espionnage. Général Eugène Guibaud ?


Divisions repair shops in the Podbořany. In the year 1967 Author here was detached to three months in exchange specialists. 



Winter car battalion exercise in the Ore Mountains.



Military off road vehicles GAZ-69A and Praga V3S during night exercises. 



 Autor between curzists in the Podbořany, in the year 1967.      



Bucharest, 1968. Child of Trianon is again determined after 30 years at any price to help contested sibling.



May 1968 Louis Aragon and Jean-Paul Sartre was involved in a student strike at the Sorbonne. According to an estimate of the situation then Czechoslovakia author\'s involvement in the matter of the French Government for the rebellion at the Sorbonne and strikes breaking out of the game. In June and July have already seen the only solution: mobilization, or accession to the requirements of the USSR, Poland, GDR, Hungaria and Bulgaria. In August, the real aid to Romania and Yugoslavia only partially (Romania mobilized).



251st Air Defense Artillery Regiment PVOS of the Vysoké Mýto had engaged in service Anti-aircraft computer EUZ II 85 mm FLAKKS - Automatic table to the fire TRACK control - TZ PBX 57 - off-road van T-805 reduced body 1.5t.



The image military truck Tatra T 111 (soldiers very popularand canon 85 mm Mk 44S, back military truck Praga V3S in training at the airport.



The route from Litomysl to the railway station Vysoké Mýto today. On the right of the former baracs of Czechoslovak 251th Regiment of the Air Defense of the State in Vysoké Mýto after 42 years.



Barracks of the 2nd Fire Battery (KS-18) of 251st Regiment PVOS in Vysoké Mýto after 42 years today. When entering the 251st Regiment Air Defense commander and his speech on this day 26/09/1968 in appellplatz was released from the primary author of the services of NGOsaccording to ref 00700-13/08. Today forget how humbled he was then a soldier.

Dňa 21.augusta 1969 boli proti demonštrantom proti Sovietskej okupácii nasadené najmodernejšie obrnené vozidlá OT-64 SKOT Sboru Národnej Bezpečnosti. 


Dňa 21.08.1969 bol autor uväznený v súvislosti s demonštráciami proti pobytu okupačných vojsk ZSSR v Československej republike. Vzhľadom na vysoký počet uväznených osôb na tento účel vyčlenil vtedajší štát budovu VŠJŽ - Vojenskej školy Jána Žižku z Trocnova. (FTVŠ UK Lafrankoni). Proti demonštrantom zasahovali obrnené transportéry OT-64 SKOT aj v Bratislave.  

World Championships 1970 FIS in the High Tatras generate an organization that people like Ján Mráz, became a member of the leadership of the International Ski Federation (FIS), Valér Pobeha first boss Hotel FIS, Jozef Lukáč, Ladislav Harvan, Štefan Mašlonka a trustee and director of Czechoslovak State baths Štrbské Pleso ing. Karol Suchánek (husband of Magdaléna Ondrejkovičová, sister of the author\'s father captain reserve Aladár Ondrejkovič) who had higher ambitions ...


The White House received a letter from US President Richard Nixon. Organizers wanted to publish it, but the leadership of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia banned it. The Organizing Committee has offered the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia to provide a greeting message from the Soviet Union and offer it to the media together with the US. The proposal was rejected and a meaningful sentence "Sports events of this kind are joined by athletes from many countries." And under her signature Nixon, she remained strictly secretive ...


Notes: Lieutenant of the Infantry Jaroslav Dočkal in 1936-1937 study Military Academy Hranice, 1937 commander squad from the 3rd Cycling Battalion in Levice and Topolcany from 3rd Riding Brigade of 3rd Rapid Division including the 11th Dragon Regiment, where he served also the father of author second Lieutenant of the cavalry Aladár Ondrejkovič ;


Zdroje:  generál Ludvík Svoboda ; Lady Gizelle Kerney ; Marta Hladká rod Raisová ; Irena Bluhová ; kpt. aut. Krejza Literární listy ; Fritz Lederer ; kpt. František Cibík ;  Oldřich Černík 


 ♫ Bob Dylan - Lay Lady Lay ;  Hugues Aufray - Céline ; ♫ Dobiáš - Welcome march ; the former barracks of IC 4404 Virtual tour -Ostrov - Karlovy Vary Region, the former barracks of IC 4404 ;


Vojenské přehlídky ČSLA

 Military parades ČSLA



 Military parades ČSLA





1967 Pilsen

year 1968 august

anti-aircraft artillery regiment

Radar SON 9A

SON 9A Aug.1968

VÚ 5100 Vys.Mýto

Updated: 16.07.2018