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Intervention of army Warsaw Pact 21.august 1968

,, Et si omnes ego non ".

   the day the author was in the service Assistant of Supervisor at the entrance to the barracks Czechoslovak 251st Air Defense Artillery Regiment MU 5100 from Vysoké Mýto. Soldier Pavel Ondrejkovič-Sandor de Szlavnicza eldest son was born in Trenčín in one of the most respected and oldest families in the territory of our country. His father, an officer of the profession in the years 1934-1954 captain tank Aladár O.-S. de (for political reasons discharged from the Czechoslovak army in the year 1954), mother clerk Alžbeta O. born Ličková.

Entering the service of 20 August 1968 at 15.00. Took over the distribution list, alarm directives, red braids and supervisory nostril in wooden plates interstitial 60 pieces of live ammunition into the assault rifle SA vz. 58.

After returning from the holiday in July 1968 in Bratislava author already asked in July 1968 cers from the 2nd battery to the exchange of its easier and more comfortable assault rifle SA vz.58 V with folding stock for assault rifle SA vz.58 P with a fixed stock, as it was more accurate and, in his view, the more the thenthrew a sharp fit. The Elderly of the battery, his labor officer, replaced his partially worn clothing and equipment on request.

 

May-Juni 1968 Louis Aragon and Jean-Paul Sartre was involved in a student strike at the Sorbonne. According to an estimate of the situation then Czechoslovakia author\'s involvement in the matter of the French Government for the rebellion at the Sorbonne and strikes breaking out of the game. In June and July have already seen the only solution: mobilization, or accession to the requirements of the USSR, Poland, GDR, Hungaria and Bulgaria. In August, the real aid to Romania and Yugoslavia only partially (Romania mobilized).

Already 19 August 1968, despite the semblance of peace in the country and the holiday period had married and unmarried officers and Warrant forbidden to leave the seat and the crew could not visit their families. Their hostel was right next to the main entrance of the barracks just opposite the railway station Vysoké Mýto. 21.00 hours without a word wolking the regimental staff officers and their houses.  

Vysoké Mýto august 1968. 2-nd. Firing battery, pictured her 85 mm anti-aircraft gun model 44 S PLK KS 18 gun crew eight soldiers (the author was one of them) * Performance: Maximum speed target: 200 m / s (720 km / h), height maximum: 12000 m, 8500 m efficient, long-distance range: maximum 18000 m, 11500 m efficient, Rate of fire: 15-20 shots / min.

The author realized that something was wrong (he was the son of an officer of the profession). Around 22:15 o\'clock in the evening the guard in the barracks, the phone rang from the circuit with the command to call the Supervisory barracks, which the author after receipt phone conversation ordered arouse officers of regiment in their hostel.  

ČSLA. Czechoslovak 251st. anti-aircraft regiment of Air Defence State, MU 5100 Vysoké Mýto, its status and structure on 21 August, 1968.

Author was in place after 30 seconds, but officers was dressed and to have girdet belts with official weapons. Take to the staff of regiments. After as author unoficial to learn about occupation our state with foreign armys. formally about 22.30 o clock.  

After his displace taking to place guard before front door to baracks. To have in service most strong weapon and mores patrons. Scarce new direcly, then held by his consideration. Do not stay to his place next entry, but tucked patron to barrel  his carabine and turn in to ditch with  weapon maybe 15m in the right of front door. Other officers of the hostel is lost somewhere. Time to intervene quickly. Round 4 o clock morning as slowly came four figure in the foreigns uniform. Author noisily stretched breech and emphaticle their called, that as to him not at all came in and in case of no, that did not keep his hand in weapons. Thoose consulted as between self and the far. After hour and half as old revealed colonel of Soviet army and of respectful distance from the author asked, In daylight to end his 24 hours service comes to leader of regiment even foreign officers. That was received Commanding General of Soviet army whith leader regiment, which meanwhile the 23.45 o clock delivered linkman of his flat in Vysoké Mýto. Soviet colonel as then away. Author admited, that soviet officers eczactly filed his directives with the intent to keep him an excuse for shooting. Was not worst, nor best soldier of regiment PVO (originaly to have other army specialization), but realizes, that his regiment loses every minute possibility to his fighte fan out. Author acknowledges, that was in his place decisive fulfil one s duty of the soldier of the ČSLA. He had, however, notify the supervisory officer, that soviet general calls for acceptance. Maybe 7.00 o clock as came soviet military car GAZ 69  and planted maybe 50 m of entry soviet general. Then came to walk self to entry and civilly asked to author for announce his visit.  After reaction with author si ho už supervisory officer of regiment came only assume.

Shooting radar SON 9A of Soviet production of which Czechoslovak 251st anti-aircraft regiment PVOS in Vysoké Mýto in the year 1968 armes.

Leader from regimennts held meeting with soldiers of national   service on  that note soldiers with formed situation. In thoose meeting was elected author to crisis comitee of the regiment, as deputy soldiers of national service. Soldiers fulminate gived show his discontent with pasivity and helplessed officers corps their regiment. Contrariwise leader of battery in which served author already reach  estabilish connection unstandarte with soviet officers.

Author was skeptic to thier certain activity.  For example politic leader of regiment coloroued in kitchen of regiments red flag to black and after their put sth up for baracks. To dining-room of soldiers bring legal instrument 2000 wordes, which soldiers of national service demonstrate signed, but officers are only some. On the second day in a field near the barracks focused intervention Tank Regiment 11th Armored Division of the Polish Army. His tank canons was directed to caserne of  251st regiment PVOS Vysoké Mýto.

Second Polish Army 22.08.1968 7 AM o’clock. Report : Morale amongst the troops on exercise is very good. The men are convinced that they have entered Czechoslovakia in a good cause. An example of this was provided by the troops stationed in the Jaromer (from24th Tank Regiment) who firmly opposed efforts to get them to disobey orders. These efforts were made by the assistant regimental commander for political affairs of a Czechoslovak People’s Army 101th Regiment chemical protection (AU 9983).

In the autopark author in the minitor of radar SON 9A observed many aims - avions of intervents, which flew in the air area of states.  

laughed a lot, when they saw flight too old transport avions Lisunov Li 2  of the Polish Air Force, triggering anti leaflets of coarse paper with spelling errors.

In addition to the common types of military aircraft frequently fly over barracks of Czechoslovak 251st Air Defence Regiment of State defence in Vysoké Mýto twin-engine supersonic reconnaissance bomber fighter Yakovlev Yak 28P from Military Air Forces of the USSR.

The author fleet on-screen shooting radar SON 9A observed a number of targets - the interventionists aircraft that moved in the airspace of the State. For 251st Air Defense Artillery Regiment Vysoké Mýto has already been given the passivity of its officer corps despite its very strong armor unsolvable situation militarily. At the meeting of the crisis committee Regiment author publicly expressed its doubt on the future of the Czechoslovak Republic for the repeated passivity of the armed forces since 1938, regardless of the political establishment.  

251th Regiment of the Air Defense of the State in the Vysoké Mýto on August 21, 1968.

The author, as a 16-year-old, was very well-oriented both in the business and in the private sector in the Balkans and the USSR. Until the violation of the Basic Military Service by train from the Lower Danube romanian Port of Galati in October 1966, he stayed in Czechoslovakia for a maximum of 3 months. 

Barraks in the Ostrov nad Ohří around the year 1977. To the left of the entrance house for supervisory battalion and a guardhouse so. bass. The back of the building of the former monastery on the ground floor kitchen, dining team, dining officers quarters 3rd Company and upstairs Headquarters Battalion, dispensaries etc. 

The author, as a 16-year-old, was very well-oriented both in the business and in the private sector in the Balkans and the USSR. Until the violation of the Basic Military Service by train from the Lower Danube romanian Port of Galati in October 1966, he stayed in Czechoslovakia for a maximum of 3 months.

On call order number 250/66 Pavel Ondrejkovič on Oct. 8, 1966, he joined the General Military Service on October 20, 1966 and presented at the 3rd Company of the Czechoslovak 62nd Automobile Battalion of Military Division No 4404 in Ostrov nad Ohří. The Commander of the 62nd Battalion was Lt. Colonel Drexler (the author later recalled from the Military Base Staff serving there that Lt. Colonel Drexler was strictly refusing to occupy the troops), Commander of the Underoficcier School was First Lieutenant Randuška, Commander of the 3rd Automobile Company Captain Krejza (the author of the commander), Chief of Staff and Best Shooter 62nd Battalion was Major Karel Randák.

Signs of contacts of the 2nd Department of the Chief Staff of the Czechoslovak Army (ČSĽA) were recorded in 1967 by the 62nd Automobile Battalion in Ostrov nad Ohří. SDECE - Documentation Service Extérieure et de Contre-Espionnage. Général Eugène Guibaud ? 

Barracks of AU 4404 in the Ostrov nad Ohří after 43 years today. 62nd Battalion was subject to 20th Motorized Rifle Division in Karlovy Vary. On the call-up no. 250/66 Paul O.-S. de on October 8th, 1966 he joined the performance of PSO on 20.10.1966 and presented at the 3th Company 62nd Automotive Battalion AU 4404 Ostrov nad Ohří. Leader of battalion was Lieutn-col. Drexler (author later hear of soldiers ZVS, that Lieutn-col Drexler is on the occupying army was apparently strictly forbidding), leader of UOS FirstlieutnRanduška, leader of 3.Company Capt Krejza, leader of staff the troop Mjr Randák). To illustrate the physical fund its authorstates that the training of 5 m rope climb with a smile 5 times in a row without a grace note (if it was ordered, it would certainly repeat5 times). It was most of the battalion. In athletics discipline run at 2000 m was in goal for the second soldier, who was an athlete civileeasy. In the accelerated transfer of the Battalion Ostrov nad Ohri through Jáchymov was the gift of God first (held whenever the troopsin greater numbers ZVS avoid compulsory morning warm-up). The battalion commander also indirectly punish commanders of platoons and companies, as an accelerated movement were obliged to pass by his soldiers.   

Barracks of the UO School and training soldiers AU 3105 vor Carlsbad division in the Podbořany.

For exemple authors of the 27 year old company commander before Jáchymov non-governmental, even though its branches carry only a gun. In Ostrov nad Ohri was usually in the winter -20 degrees. In the barracks AU 4404 in winter could. Hot water was not at all.Profile no problem to sleep with such a winter snow 2 hours, even though he was only dressed in uniform vz.60, it was only the brownpants and wearing military vz.30 Canada, which in summer heat and winter coldTroop was subject of 20. moto shooting division of the Karlsbad. Paradox military time, during which Pavel Ondrejkovič often visitet in the Karlsbad Grandhotel Moskva - Pupp, visit which you can not afford many officers (easy to be mentally, spend more in the fourth group price) completed his move to the AU 5100 Vysoké Mýto.

 

Military car workshop Praga V3S PAD was well equipped, it was not what the author missed it. Tatra T 111 was, however, a 25 km / h faster. On track and field was more stable ride was gliding, its overall design was considerably more robust. Commonly exceeded its capacity and 2x, ​​how the Tatras are disposed always drove. The less the bearing ground have clearly had the upper hand Praga V3S.

 

 

The most modern armored OT-64 SKOT transporters from the 20th Motor Rifle Division in Karlovy Vary regularly participated in joint exercises with the 62nd automobile battalion in Ostrov nad Ohří for which it was impossible to keep them in the column. The OT-64 reached a speed of up to 110 / km / h on a straight line.

 

During outings visited to town library of Vysoké Mýto. Here he received to his hand newsweek Literární listy. (in his canselary ich mal too leader of regiment). In they assumed the continuation amendment Alexander Solženicyn ,, One day of Ivan Denisovič  ". Maybe thema was new, but not for author. She reminded him his childhood and behaviour states organs to his family.  Author si evidently remember too article in thoose newspaper for month ego the august 1968 displaying concern of possible intervention  Soviet army to Czechoslovakia.

 

 

Divisions repair shops in the Podbořany. In the year 1967 Author here was detached to three months in exchange specialists. 

 

 

Military off road vehicles GAZ-69A and Praga V3S during night exercises. 

 

  

 

Autor between curzists in the Podbořany, in the year 1967. 

 

Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia 3-5. January 1968 decided to separate the functions of the First Secretary of the CPC Central Committee and the President of the Republic Antonin Novotny was deprived of the post of the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. The compromise solution was the election of the then former secretary of the CPS Central Committee, Alexander Dubček. His parents were functionaries of the Central Council of SZPB and recognized Alžbeta Ondrejkovičová born Ličková from the meeting of the Office. They also recognized her family from Trenčín and in this connection they also uttered a wailing at the meeting that her mother Alžbeta Ličková born Stiglitz did not do anything for her parents from Bánovce Paulína Dubčeková also met the Ondrejkovič family. In this connection, the events in Trenčín surrounding the family of Alžbeta Ondrejkovičová in 1953 pointed not only to Rudolf Strechaj, Karol Bacílka, Jozef Lietavka, but also Štefan Rais. One of the main tasks of their son, Alexander Dubček, was to face attacks against the Communist Party and against socialism.

At the 62nd auto-battalion of VÚ 4404 Ostrov nad Ohří, since January 5, 1968, the content and course of compulsory Political Training of Soldiers has changed radically.  

 

 

Weekly Winter Exercise of the Czechoslovak 62th Automobile-battalion from Ostrov nad Ohří in the Ore Mountains. During the night, it was usually from November to March - 30 degrees Celsius.


After the author was transferred on February 16, 1968 from VÚ 4404 in Ostrov nad Ohří to VÚ 5100 in Vysoké Mýto, the author regularly visited the town library on the square in Vysoké Mýto and since May he also visited the swimming pool of Tyrsh. In the library he got into his books Literary Sheets (all numbers had regimental commander in his office). They went on to continue the novel by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, "One Day of Ivan Denisovič", the events that he described were somewhat new to the author, but the author reminded his childhood and how the Stb and state authorities acted organs to his family. published political commentaries in favor of the process and the forecast of the occupation of the CSSR by the military units of the Warsaw Pact.

Antonín Novotný, on March 22, 1968, resigned as president of the state.

On March 30, 1968, the National Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, on the proposal of Alexander Dubcek, elected General Ludwig Svoboda as President of the Republic.

On April 8, 1968, President General Ludwig Svoboda appointed a new government headed by Oldřich Černík.

The 251st PVOS Regiment also changed the content and course of compulsory Political Training of Soldiers. The discussion was obligatory. Despite the fact that most of the regimental soldiers were graduates of a secondary school with a school-leaving examination, they were unable to orient themselves in the current political situation. The Slovaks served very little in the regiment, none of them in Bratislava. The food, accommodation and conditions for personal holiday spending by soldiers were better than in Ostrov nad Ohří.

From the position of the President of the National Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Bohuslav Laštovička resigned on 18 April 1968. Josef Smrkovský replaced him.


Czechoslovakia arrived in Czechoslovakia on April 24, 1968, the chief commander of the Warsaw Pact, Ivan I. Jakubovsky. He discussed military exercises on our territory. The Russian side insisted that the exercise be held in May, although the original date was October. 

 

 

On May 14 and 18, 1968 Nicolae Ceauşescu was the first great triumph. The visit of General Charles de Gaulle was the beginning of his meeting with great personalities. It was the last major route of the French General de Gaulle. The students occupied the Latin Quarter, and the ideals of the young generation were defeated at the Parisian Barricades. On the other hand, the Romanian newspapers announced on the eve of de Gaulle\'s visit a new expression of the party\'s interest in the young generation: the legalization of ten years of compulsory general education. In preparing for a visit to de Gaulle, he addressed the Romanian ambassador\'s intention to publicly address issues of respect for the independence of interstate relations and the "need to develop international co-operation as an alternative to solving military blocks." He assured the host\'s emissary that he would not interfere with the internal affairs of the hosts in conversations and speeches. Two years earlier, the President of France visited Moscow and in the autumn of 1967 he traveled to Poland. In his speech in Warsaw, he declared an unfriendly confrontation of two major military blocs that divided the planet into unacceptable.

 

On 20-30 June 1968, in the territory of the Czechoslovak Republic, the military exercise of the states of the Warsaw Treaty took place under the name of Šumava.


On days 25-26. June 1968, the Czechoslovak Parliament passed a law on judicial rehabilitation and financial compensation for victims of communist dictatorship and an amendment to the Press Act, according to which censorship was inadmissible.


On June 27, 1968, a manifesto of 2000 words was issued. Reporters responded to the manifesto as a challenge for counter-revolution. During the meeting, Dubcek Brezhnev telephoned the 2000 manifesto, calling it "the onset of forces that trigger the counter-revolutionary situation." Manifesto published by the Czech periodicals Literary Letters, Práce, Zemědělské noviny and Mladá fronta, the Smena youth journal in Slovakia.


He visited Prague 9-11. August 1968 Josip Broz Tito, President of the then Yugoslavia. His visit sparked optimism and aroused the hope that the danger of "five" intervention would not be jeopardized. Josip Broz Tito, however, did not sign a similar agreement with Nicolae Ceacescu with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.

 

 

On August 12, 1968, President Nicolae Ceacescu of RSR and President of CSSR, General Ludík Svoboda, signed a Friendship and Economic Cooperation Treaty as a counter-reaction to the pressure of the other Warsaw Pact states on the Czechoslovak Command.


The Hungarian leader, János Kádár, met on his request on August 17, 1968 in Komárno with Alexander Dubček. Kádár interpreted Moscow\'s great dissatisfaction with developments in Czechoslovakia and pointed out a possible military intervention.          

 

 

Bucharest, 1968. Child of Trianon is again determined after 30 years at any price to help contested sibling.

 

 

251st Air Defense Artillery Regiment PVOS of the Vysoké Mýto had engaged in service Anti-aircraft computer EUZ II 85 mm FLAKKS - Automatic table to the fire TRACK control - TZ PBX 57 - off-road van T-805 reduced body 1.5t.

 

 

Light amphibious tank PT-76 from intervention Soviet army August 21, 1968 when relocated on the road Vysoké Mýto-Prague.

 

 

The image military truck Tatra T 111 (soldiers very popularand canon 85 mm Mk 44S, back military truck Praga V3S in training at the airport. 

 

 

Author in time ZVS in the year 1968 sign document 2000 words and was deputy of  soldiers national service in crisis committee 251st anti-aircraft artilery regiment  AU 5100 Vysoké Mýto.   

 

The route from Litomysl to the railway station Vysoké Mýto today. On the right of the former baracs of Czechoslovak 251st Regiment of the Air Defense of the State in Vysoké Mýto after 42 years. 

 

PVOS Regiment in Vysoké Mýto after 21 August 1968. Early on 22 August 1968, the 24th Tank Regiment from the 2nd Polish Army Intervents moved with T 55A tanks through Litomyšl with a warrant to block the Czechoslovak 251st Anti-aircraft artillery regiment PVOS in Vysoké Mýto - Headquarters 82nd Anti-aircraft Brigade in Jaroměř 4th Army SVO.

 

 

2nd Polish army of intervents on 22.08.1968. Her Supply Column with armed escort on armored OT-64 SKOT transporters at Litomyšl Square at 7.00 am. He leaves on the lane towards Vysoké Mýto.

 

 

Most modern tank T 55 of Soviet intervention army in the 22.august 1968, a potential rival for artilery 2nd Fire Battery (KS-18) of AU 5100 Vysoké Mýto. 

 

 

Soviet armored transporter accident on the railway passage in Vysoké Mýto near 251. PVOS Regiment barracks in August 1968. Armored transporter may be overturned, but with no visible damage. Locomotive was ripe for the General remont.

 

 

Immediately on August 21, 1968, tanks of the intervent of the West Bohemian spa town of Karlovy Vary were occupied, with the task of blocking the elite first-line 20th Moto-Shooting Division, which was subjected to the 62nd Automobile Battalion in Ostrov nad Ohří. 

 

 

Barracks of the 2nd Fire Battery (KS-18) of 251st Regiment PVOS in Vysoké Mýto after 42 years today. When entering the 251st Regiment Air Defense commander and his speech on this day 26/09/1968 in appellplatz was released from the primary author of the services of NGOsaccording to ref 00700-13/08. Today forget how humbled he was then a soldier.

 

P.S. Very few well-informed people know that the entry of the Warsaw Pact troops in August 1968 into the then Czechoslovak Republic was no surprise, and in the first place was one of the greatest failures of the policy of the then French Fifth Republic and its President General Charles de Gaulle. During the performance of the Basic Military Service at the beginning of 1968, the author came to direct information on the secret actions of the Czechoslovak Generality under the command of the French Army, led separately, without the knowledge of other NATO members and the Warsaw Pact. Signs of the previous contacts the author captured in 1967 in the 62nd automobile battalion Ostrov nad Ohří. SDECE - Documentation Service Extérieure et de Contre-Espionnage. Général Eugène Guibaud ?  

On 21 August 1969, state-of-the-art armored OT-64 SKOT transporters of the National Security Corps were deployed against demonstrators against the Soviet occupation.

 

On Aug. 21, 1969, the author was imprisoned in connection with demonstrations against the occupation forces of the USSR in the Czechoslovak Republic. Due to the high number of imprisoned persons for this purpose, the state was allocated by VŠJŽ - the Military School of Jan Žižka from Trocnov. (FTVS UK Lafrankoni). Against the demonstrators, the OT-64 SKOT armored carriers also intervened in Bratislava.  

On August 29, 1969, the President of the Czechoslovak Republic, Army General Ludík Svoboda, granted Alžbeta Ondrejkovicova for an exemplary performance of the state-run "Honors for Excellent Work" at the proposal of Prime Minister Oldřich Černík. They both had the knowledge that Ms Alžbeta Ondrejkovičová and her family were politically and civilly persecuted and discriminated against until 1968 due to the illegal conduct of third parties in Trenčín in coordination with the state authorities and the entrusted public administration. After 1969, she and her family were again civilly and legally discriminated against by the state authorities for the same reasons, despite the fact that the highest state authorities continued to demand that her husband repeatedly intervene in Lady Gizelle Kerney\'s family in the interest of the Department of Foreign Trade in Canada. Ondrejkovic and her husband Alexander Kerney  (Kornhauser). Although the results of her interventions had a major economic impact on the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, her and her family provided the state as the only counterpart to the systematic defamation of her person and her family by a third stint of the StB and the Communist Party. Investigation of crimes from the 1950s and rehabilitation of the injured were halted. Their actors have revived their illegal activities. Proof: Award for Excellent Work by Alžbeta Ondrejkovičová of 29.08.1969.

World Championships 1970 FIS in the High Tatras generate an organization that people like Ján Mráz, became a member of the leadership of the International Ski Federation (FIS), Valér Pobeha first boss Hotel FIS, Jozef Lukáč, Ladislav Harvan, Štefan Mašlonka a trustee and director of Czechoslovak State baths Štrbské Pleso ing. Karol Suchánek (husband of Magdaléna Ondrejkovičová, sister of the author\'s father captain reserve Aladár Ondrejkovič) who had higher ambitions ...

 

The White House received a letter from US President Richard Nixon. Organizers wanted to publish it, but the leadership of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia banned it. The Organizing Committee has offered the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia to provide a greeting message from the Soviet Union and offer it to the media together with the US. The proposal was rejected and a meaningful sentence "Sports events of this kind are joined by athletes from many countries." And under her signature Nixon, she remained strictly secretive ...

 

In the years 1968-1969, the author (not a member of the Communist Party and even R-kár was not subject to a review) was not reminded because many orthodox communists from his company ČSPD National Enterprise Bratislava did not behave according to the statutes of the Communist Party, after the entry of troops overturned their coat , they were worried to stay in their places. It is to be added that they have succeeded in doing so with some of the castles. For example, the members of the review committee who did not investigate KSČ officials from the leadership of the ČSPD National enterprise changed the national enterprise. Subsequently, they then exchanged the members of the review committee until they have verified them. However, the authorities of the Czechoslovak State Security did not forget the author and every year before 21st August he summoned him for a hearing until 1975, but it did not matter, the author did not get involved in any communication.

 

Notes: Lieutenant of the Infantry Jaroslav Dočkal in 1936-1937 study Military Academy Hranice, 1937 commander squad from the 3rd Cycling Battalion in Levice and Topolcany from 3rd Riding Brigade of 3rd Rapid Division including the 11th Dragon Regiment, where he served also the father of author second Lieutenant of the cavalry Aladár Ondrejkovič ;  

 

Resources: general Ludvík Svoboda ; Lady Gizelle Kerney ; Marta Hladká born Raisová ; Irena Bluhová ; cpt. aut. Krejza Literární listy ; Fritz Lederer ; cpt. of sea František Cibík ;  Oldřich Černík 

 

 ♫ Bob Dylan - Lay Lady Lay ;  Hugues Aufray - Céline ; ♫ Dobiáš - Welcome march ; the former barracks of IC 4404 Virtual tour -Ostrov - Karlovy Vary Region, the former barracks of IC 4404 ;

 

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1967 Pilsen

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Radar SON 9A

SON 9A Aug.1968

VÚ 5100 Vys.Mýto

Updated: 18.08.2018