ThDr. Karol Kmeťko
Pastoral letter of March 8, 1943
Slovak ecclesiastical officer, from 13 November 1920 diocesan bishop in Nitra, from 18 May 1944 archbishop ad personam, author of religious books and articles, Born in the village yeomanry Dolné Držkovce (*12.12.1875 †22.12.1948 Nitra). Father Pavol Kmeťko District notary in the Dolné Držkovce †1881, allied families Ondrejkovics (biskhop Karol Kmeťko specifically devoted grandson of Notary District in Dolné Držovce which were Levites Aladár Ondrejkovič and Tibor Ondrejkovič study on the Small Seminar in Nitra).
The importance of Karol Kmeťko as archbishop was that Slovakia has long since the gave before 2.World War widely recognized religious authority on which to base after Catholics tried to change the political regime. Negative was his old age and the resulting health status. His authority can not question the defendants nor HSĽS, which is Kmeťko let go of the interwar period. From Slovak politicians worked mainly with JUDr. Martin Mičura and politically focuses on the Czechoslovak People\'s Party. With JUDr. Martin Mičura was related to him through a notarial families Ondrejkovič. Significant was his stand against racial legislation and inhumanity against in connection with dealing with " the Jewish question "n Slovakia. On 18 May 1944 the Vatican Secretary of State Cardinal Maglione invited himself the Slovak envoy Karol Sidor, and he officially announced that Pope Pius XII. appointed bishop of Nitra ThDr. Karol Kmeťko archbishop.
Virtual Tour of the Nitra - Nitra castle. When you visit the author at the castle in 2001, he said, religious people, that one classmate (religious person) from his father\'s workshop in the castle still lives in Nitra. In the church at Nitra Castle is buried His Eminence Archbishop ThDr. Karol Kmeťko. When visiting author, but the church was closed.
Personality of Archbishop Karol Kmeťko positively recorded in modern Slovak history. Lay involvement in church life, news apostle, focusing on youth and its problems, missionary work and charitable activities showed the public the way a Christian in today\'s world.
ThDr. Karol Kmeťko was one of major signatories Martin Declaration of 30 October 1918. He was one of the eight Catholic priests who participated in the day Martin ratification of the Declaration of the Slovak nation.
Provost Karol Anton Medvecký (of the Medieval and Medieval Bysterc family), administrator of the Catholic parish church, mayor and ethnographer. Friend and co-founder of the founder of the Upper Nitra Museum Association, Mr. Gejza Turba. Vice-chairman of the Slovak Executive Committee of the Czechoslovak People\'s Party in Slovakia JUDr. Martin Mičura and friend of the Bishop of Nitra ThDr. Karol Kmeťko and Ondrejkovič families. Editor of the Press Authority\'s People\'s Politics. Signatory of the Martin Declaration.
September 1941, Prime Minister JUDr. Vojtech Tuka with members of the Deutsche Partei and HG crucially involved in the development and endorsement of government regulation on the legal status of Jews, which de facto redefined medieval discriminatory measures. The practice has expanded beyond the Regulation and against the Jewish religious communities, which in 1943 the Supreme Administrative Court under the guidance of JUDr. Martin Mičura described as unlawful and invalid.
Slovak bishops circular (Pastoral Letter) dated 8 March 1943 which, according to oral tradition conceived Dr. Pavel Beňuška, Secretary of Nitra Bishop ThDr. Karol Kmeťko was drafted, at least after passing through the submission of comments to the President of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic JUDr. Martin Mičura including decisions on the date of its publication on 21 March 1943rd.
Circular Slovak bishops. According to oral circular conceived Dr. Pavol Beňuška, Secretary of Nitra Bishop ThDr. Karol Kmeťko. The final editing done Bishop Dr. Andrej Škrábik.
Archives Episcopal Office in the Nitra
Transcript: Doc. Andrej Mátel
Dear believer in Christ!
Among the problems of today\'s question does not interest Judea and worried many believers, even though official church opinion clearly we landed in the Catholic newspaper on 26 April 1942. Some believe that Judaism is so we go ill, others are, in turn, considers that the procedure against him is permissive even weak.
To you, dear believers in Christ, to correctly assess the current urgent problem and could not be mistaken heretic views, we consider it necessary to bring you the following principles of the Directive.
1. The correct procedure in dealing with each issue is one which is guided by natural law and revelation of God.
The natural rights of the individual, nation and state is to defend itself against that which endangers its life and prevent its heyday. No this is also a natural right of every individual, irrespective of national citizenship is that anyone can not prosecute and punish, without sufficient cause, to be in each case to prove under the applicable legal standards. If the guilty one or more members of a nation, potaz national groups and minorities, of which not even the same offense can impeach a nation, potaz national minority group. Natural law principle calls investigate misdemeanor or crime, in each case and to punish i.
Protect Natural law to exterior these standards is an obligation and the public authorities, etc. She has to manage them. We underline that even the constitutional law of our state, in which law is based and the entire jet law, fully respecting the natural law, which says:
"No one shall be punished for the behavior, which did not legally criminal standard and that the punishment was not already in law or standard invariably intended." / § 82, item 2 mouth. Cust. No 185/939 Sl.z /
This natural law protects and sanctifies and our Savior. Eternally beautiful likeness of the Divine Master of the merciful Samaritans not only the foundation of all ľudomilnej activity, charity and the Samaritans service, but contains in itself the profound truth that our attitude to people should not be affected their speech, state, national or racial competence, since the invidious Samaritan saved hateful Jew in disguise, then surely would not have been entitled to do it wrong just because it is the Jews. A divine champion, added the command, which binds all people, particularly all Christians: ID, and you deal similarly. / 10 Luk, 37 / Indeed, the rule of the natural feel and recognize the old traditional peoples, for them are the symbol of justice, the Women\'s stature and commitment to balance the eyes. This principle was expressed that the right, the reward and punishment should be yvsluhované regardless of the person, whether it is pleasant to us, whether family, friend, or an alien tribesman.
It means that the standards not be prirodzenoprávne never disrupted because each transgression of natural law RDP or later brings destruction, social policy and welfare.
No not be arbitrarily undermined neither the current law, because he allowed the podtína not only the roots of state and national existence, but it causes harm, and sows uncertainty.
Aware of their responsibilities before God and their obligation to protect the natural and zjavené standards of God, we must raise his voice strong, and a warning against the measures, which meat without a proper finding of guilt of each individual affect our spoluveriaci our fellow citizens and others for their personal, family and property freedom. For each citizen, but for every holder of a valid exercise of public authority and a clear nedvojmyselné provision of the Constitution of our nation:
"All the inhabitants without distinction of origin, nationality, religion and occupation, shall enjoy the protection of life, liberty and property." / § 81 ust. Cust. 185/939 Sl.z. /
Particularly in mind the words of Scripture: What you do not want people amounted to you, do not act nor you them.2. In the said declaration, published in Catholic newspapers clearly we landed its opinion on the question of baptism of Jews. We will permit and permit the baptism of each of whom the spiritual issue of testimony, that he wants to become a true Christian, frankly, taking for himself all moral and religious obligation, which the Church its faithful costs. Came to be baptized a second-Jew caused neľúbosť some believers and usually for legitimate criticism of the previous life nekresťana. Here we must refer to the infinite mercy of God, who forgave sinful lapses Magdalene, the heavens opened regarding the robber, taken as mýtnika Matthew the Apostle, is willing to forgive all his sins, if he wants to reclaim the moral life and a new lead. Recently the former mýtnik Matthew kept us the instructive words of the Lord: "Judge not, lest ye be judged, and such rate will be measured, such will be measured. Smeťku And what do you see your brother in the eye, but the beam in his eye not see?" / Mat 7, 1-3 / This reminded those who have declared that supposedly do not follow the church, where there will be one or another; who repelling converts the place to take them with love, their faith and Christian comity word and example confirmed. If acknowledgment of civil rights and the protection of state power to every citizen without distinction of origin and nationality, while his personal guilt is proved - yet svrchovanejšou rate requested to recognize all the rights of a Christian to anyone who cover religion baptism. Only when someone freedom to deny civil rights and Christian, when his behavior, the punishment you deserve.
These are principles which we have verbal and written nesčíselnekrát announced and held. Applaud them, we must now again, when the public became aware of the ongoing measures to these principles has protiviacich.
3. Each period has its own problems. The fate of nations depends on how to resolve them. Severe problems of national, social, religious, waiting for a solution today. When these problems are addressed by justice and love of Christ, cast the nation into war. Since the beginning of this war should be read from the depths of our hearts fervent prayer: From the sea, hunger and war, redeemed us, Lord! Since its beginning does not warn you, dear believers, the heavenly Father to make a fair peace. We believe that the Sv. Father, Pope Pius XII. As well as the First World War, Pope Benedict XV. It is our prayers with those associated, for its motto is: Peace is the work of justice - and that with all his spiritual relationship to the works of peace work in mocnárov world. We support his efforts prayers for permanent world peace, an equitable solution for all problems of mankind. We support them and virtuous life, the faithful following the orders of God, the fulfillment of the laws of justice and love usilujme to merit withdrawal Bica awful war and permanent world peace. When justice will reign in the world, then its ripe fruit: the whole world expected peace.
Supplicant, the providence of God to strengthen you in these difficult times abundance of their gifts, grants you arcipastierske their blessing.
The 8th day March 1943.
ThDr. Karol Kmeťko, bishop of Nitra,
Ján Vojtaššák, Bishop of Spiš,
Paul Gojdič, Bishop of Prešov,
Dr. Pavol Jantausch, bishop, apostle. Administrator Trnava,
Jozef Čársky, bishop, apostle Administrator Košice, Rožňava and Szatmár,
Dr. Andrej Škrábik, koadjutor-bishop of Banská Bystrica,
Dr. Michal Buzalka, Trnava svätiaci bishop, vicar of military power.
This circular should be read in all faiths religious services on the second Sunday post (21st March 1943)
A native of the village Dolné Držkovce Archbishop Karol Kmeťko. István Ivánka a jeho manželka Anna Zsittnyan, Bánovce nad Bebravou 1845. Ctenou pani matkou Obvodného notára Stefana I. Ondrejkoviča bola Antónia Zsittnyan. Anton Zsittnyan from the well-known wealthy Catholic family of Bánovce was married before 1850 by Mária Kmetyko. Zakladajúci člen Matice slovenskej 515.(253) ThDr. Karol Kmeťko.
Janos Zsittnyan *30.06.1850 Bánovce nad Bebravou, parents Anton (Antal) Zsittnyan and Mária Kmetyko. Godparents János Kmetyko and Antonia Kmetyko. Mother of Dominus District notary Stephan I Ondrejkovič of Dolné Držkovce was Domina Antonia Zsittnyan. District Notary Stefan I Ondrejkovič inherited the Office after the district notary Pavel Kmeťko, his mother-in-law.
Tomb to Carolus Kmeťko, fathers to District notary chief in in the village yeoman Dolné Držkovce.
Known native of noble village Dolné Držkovce were Nicolas Dohnány (*28 November 1824 Dolné Držkovce †02 Juni 1852 Nitra), Ľudovít Dohnányi and son of District notary Stefan I. Ondrejkovič and Lady Anna Sandor de Szlavnicza - Professor and Director Štefan II. Ondrejkovič, District governor Dr. Aladár I. Ondrejkovič, District notary Vojtech Ondrejkovič, Ján Ondrejkovič, Ladislav Ondrejkovič, Jozef Ondrejkovič, Ľudovít Ondrejkovič, Titus Ondrejkovič.
Koloman Beniczký and Karol Buocz, blood related of family Ondrejkovič - Sandor.
The signatories of the Martin Declaration in the 30.10.1918. Firstly Medvecký KA, J. Vojtašák, J. Janoška, Archbishop ThDr. Karol Kmeťko, S. Zoch, J. Slávik, V. Makovický, in the middle of E. Stodola, F. Juriga ... I Dérer, V. Čobrda, in the top row F. Ruppeldt, Š. Krčméry, E. Bežo..
The Statute of the Roman Catholic Orphanage and the Old Traveler in Ružomberok was approved on 23 November 1933 by the Regional Office in Bratislava by its President, Dr. Jozef Országh (a relative of the family Sandor de Szlavnicza). In 1933 they were members of the curatorium: Msgre. Andrej Hlinka, Chairman, Anton Mederly, Mayor of Ruzomberok, Vice-Chairman, Vojtech Hodos, Dr. Ľudovít Labaj, as members of the town council, Andrej Janček, Viktor Sliacky, Andrej Scheffer, Dr. Jozef Poliak Škobla, Dr. Stephan Reindl (the family of Ondrejkovic through the marriage of Dr. Karol Reindl), František Hýros (the family of Ondrejkovič through the family of Sandor de Szlavnicza), Alexander Milan, the delegates of the Ruzomberok townspeople and Jozef Tylko as the director of the institute.
The first Slovak Archbishop His Eminence ThDr. Karol Kmeťko, a native of the Dolné Držkovce and Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia Milan Hodža in Nitra. In the background of his government vehicle.
City Council in Nitra. Sow the second from right ThDr canonist Michal Beňo * 01.02.1880 native from the village Dolné Držkovce. He taught at the Small Seminar in Nitra when he studied Aladár II. Ondrejkovič with brother Tibor.
Canonist ThDr. Michal Beňo and Member of the National Assembly in Prague, Chairman of the Czechoslovak People\'s Party in Slovakia and President of the Administrative Court in Bratislava JUDr. Martin Mičura.
One of the two exits of Swiss economic interests in Slovakia, supported by Archbishop Karol Kmeťko, was the Ecstein malting house in Nitra. It was a Swiss possession and during the entire war there were three Swiss specialists. Their task was to secure the supply of sufficient quantities of malt to Switzerland. The Cukorspol president Rudolf Fraštacký also cooperated with the owner. The second firm in Switzerland owned by Hermann-Göring Werke\'s disadvantageous sale was the Werkzeugmaschienen metallurgical factory Öerlikon Bührle et comp Krompachy district of Spišská Nová Ves. In Spišská Nová Ves, the public notary was the brother of General M. R. Štefánik Dr. Ladislav Štefánik.
Ensemble Operette of Slovak Folk Theatre in Nitra in the years 1939-1945. Pictured from left to first soloist, tenor Karol Ondrejkovič for example performed in operettas of Gejza Dusík " Blue rose " and " When it blooms in May ", in the Slovak National Theatre in Bratislava he sang in operettas " Blue Rose" soloist Belo Turba. Support files and the first Slovak archbishop ThDr. Karol Kmeťko. Chairman of the cooperative Slovak folk theater was Comes of the Nitra County Sefan Haššík.
His Eminence ThDr. Karol Kmeťko was a supporter of Slovak aviation industry and was in 1941 the early days the company - Factory aircraft Ing. Jaroslav Mráz Nitra.
Attorney and Honorary Consul of the Kingdom of Denmark and Sweden JUDr. Stefan Ravasz, relatives of familys Ondrejkovič, Sandor of Szlavnicza, Nozdroviczky and mediated relatives and protectors from JUDr. Martin Mičura and Archbishop ThDr. Karol Kmeťko became 03.05.1944 the main burgess of Bratislava.
Black limousine Skoda Superb 3000 was manufactured in Kvasiny plant for Bishop\'s office in Nitra, His Eminence Slovak First Archbishop ThDr. Karol Kmeťko in the year 1946.
According to our information to the pool table in the castle in Nitra still is. ThDr. Karol Kmeťko opinion was similarly oriented as Dr. Martin Mičura, Dr. Imrich Karvaš, Dr. Viktor Pavella, Dr. Karol Reindl, Dr. Aladár Ondrejkovič, Gejza Victor Jacobus Turba, provost Karol Anton Medvecký a number of public officials resulting from the notarial families. Above the tombstone native from the Dolné Držkovce District notary Vojtech Ondrejkovič. He was also the son of District notary Stefan Ondrejkovič and Anna Sandor de Szlavnicza. He also worked at Jedľové Kostoľany district Zlaté Moravce and Pieštany, where he had a house near the hotel Eden. Near the villa had Madam Elenka Žuborová born Fraštacká.
Notes: Antal István Zsittnyan *baptism in Bánovce nad Bebravou 29.03.1846, parents Antal Zsittnyan and Maria Kmetyko ; Janos Zsittnyan *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 30.06.1850 parents Antal Zsittnyan and Mária Kmetyko ; Alexander Josephus Antonius Androvich *20.02.1867 Trenčín No 73 parents Alexander Androvich Sedria Cott. Trenčín A. and Francisca Kornhoft godparents Joseph Kamin. Capitanus and Antonia Vidna Vavreczky nata Androvic ; Ignácz Zsittnyan *batism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 30.06.1850 parents Antal Zsittnyan and Mária Kmetyko ;
Joannes *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 27.01.1715, godparents Steph. Balažovics and C.Catharina, parents Paulo Ondrejkovics and Maria ; Theresia *batism Bánovce nad Beberavou 10.05.1741, godparents Steph. Balažovics and C.Catharina, parents Petrus Ondrejkovics nad Eva ; Antal *batism in Bánovce nad Bebravou 26.01.1844, parents Antal Zsittnyan and Maria Kmetyko ; János *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 30.06.1850 parents Antal Zsittnyan and Mária Kmetyko ; Ignácz *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 30.06.1850 rodičia Péter Antal Zsittnyan and Mária Kmetyko ; István Antal *batism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 08.11.1845, godparents Antal Zsittnyan and spouse Borbala, parents Péter Andrejkovics and Antonia Zsittnyan ; Maria *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 28.06.11.1791, godparents Szepk.s Gagy and Maria Dubniczka, parents Paul Andrejkovits and Cath. Co. ; Paulus *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 15.11.1761, godparents Joanne Tomkay and spouse Elizabeta, parents Joanne Ondregkovits and Eva ; Paulus *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 21.01.1767, godparents Joanne Tomkay and spouse Elizabeta, parents Joanne Ondreykovics and Catharina ; Joannes *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 06.05.1801, godparents Joannes Dubniczky and Anna Nagy, rodičia Paulus Ondrejkovics a Catharina Pravoticzky ; Alexander Josephus Antonius Androvich *20.02.1867 Trenčín No 73 parents Alexander Androvich Sedria Cott. Trenčín A. and Francisca Kornhoft godparents Joseph Kamin. Capitanus and Antonia Vidna Vavreczky nata Androvic ; Catharina *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 25.09.1806, godparents Joannes Dubniczki and Anna Nagy, parents Paulus Ondrejkovics and Cath Pravoticzki ; Anna *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 24.09.1798, godparents Stephanus Nagy and Maria Blaho, parentsa Paulus Ondrejkovics and Catharina Pravoticzky ; Catharina *bartism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 06.04.1801, godparents Stephanus Nagy and Maria Dubniczky, parents Paulus Ondrejkovics and Catharina Pravoticzky ; Petrus *baptism in Bánovce nad Beberavou 23.05.1804, godparents Joannes Dubniczky and Anna Morvay, parents Paulus Andrejkovits and Cath. Pravoticzky ; Resources: Lt. colonel tank v. v. Aladár II. Ondrejkovič ; Slovak Encyclopedia A - Z ;
Resources: Lt. colonel tank v. v. Aladár II. Ondrejkovič ; Mons. Justín Beňuška *21.sept.1918 Veľké Bielice ; Sidónia Hutárová ; Slovak Encyclopedia A - Z ; Registry office of Dolné Držkovce and Bánovce nad Beberavou ; Ján Chryzostom Cardinal Korec ; archbishop Ján Sokol 19.01.2001 Bratislava ;